Retaliation crops up when an employer initiates a tough action against a covered employee due to his/her protected activity. The three indispensable facts/terms about Retaliation in workplace are:
1. Adverse Action
An adverse action is an action taken to dissuade someone from opposing a biased practice, or from taking part in an employment discrimination proceeding. Actions such as termination, rejection of promotion and refusal to hire comes under adverse actions. Petty slights and annoyances, like passing negative comments, snubbing a colleague etc which are true because of an employee's poor work performance or history doesn’t come under adverse actions.
2. Covered Individuals
Covered persons are those individuals who have opposed unlawful practices, took part in proceedings, or requested accommodations related to discrimination in employment based on race, religion, sex color or disability.
3. Protected Activity
Protected activities are those practices that are believed to be unlawful discrimination. Opposition tells an employer that when someone is engaging in prohibited discrimination. Opposition is defended against retaliation as long as it is based on a reasonable belief that the person complained of is violating anti-discrimination law. Lodging a complaint against anyone of alleged discrimination against oneself or others, threatening to lodge a charge of discrimination against someone and objecting to follow an order which is believed to be discriminatory etc comes under protected activity.